Thanks to the Festival
Internazionale di Musica,an international music festival,
Ravello has become famous all over the world. Ravello is
a quiet and chic town, on the terraces of its Villa Rufolo
and Cimbone visitors can admire a wonderful panorama that
enchanted Wagner and Greta Garbo. Ravello had very prosperous
trades during XI and XII centuries, then it was included
in Amalfi territory and eventually became independent.
Ravello is like a terrace over the sea. It has wonderful belvederes, for example the one dedicated to Princess of Piemonte, from where all the coast can be seen. Ravello is situated on the Lattari mounts with their wonderful nature, in the valley between Dragone and Reginna streams, 350 m above the sea-level.
Giovanni Boccaccio charmed by the beauties of these places described them in the "Decameron". The main character of one of its short stories comes from Ravello, Landolfo Rufolo: he was a nobleman who had chosen to be a pirate. He shipwrecked and then, thanks to his abilities and good luck, found a great treasure. In 1819 the famous English painter William Turner stayed in Italy and went to Ravello. His sketches of Amalfitana Coast are now in the Tate Gallery in London. Ravello has a quiet, silent atmosphere that enchants all the people coming to visit it. Its beautiful villas are the most famous buildings of the town. During XIX and XX century many artists, painters, musicians were inspired by the beautiful landscapes of Ravello, for example Ruskin, Miró, Vedova and Escher; André Gide set in Ravello some episodes of his “The immoralist”; Lawrence wrote there his “Lady Chatterley’s Lover” and Graham Green “The third man”; Wagner imagined that Villa Rufolo park was the magic garden of Klingsor in his masterpiece “Parsifal”. The most important monument is the Cathedral, built in XII century. Another charming building is Villa Rufolo, built in XI century, with its terraces on the sea and Villa Cimbrone with its wonderful belvedere.